Day Two : What is ‘generation babyboom’ and ‘generation X?

“What is ‘generation babyboom’ and ‘generation X?’” by Michael HOLZMAYER (teacher at Kirchliche Pädagogische Hochschule, Wien-Austria)
The presentation :

Theory of generations : Karl Mannheim 1923 : Mannheim, K. ([1922-24] 1980) Structures of Thinking. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Theory of generations (or sociology of generations) is a theory posed by Karl Mannheim in his 1923 essay, The Problem of Generations. This essay has been described as “the most systematic and fully developed” and even “the seminal theoretical treatment of generations as a sociological phenomenon” (Jane Pilcher, Mannheim’s sociology of generations: an undervalued legacy , 1993). According to Mannheim’s theory, people are significantly influenced by the socio-historical environment (in particular, notable events that involve them actively) that predominates their youth, forming, on the basis of that experience, social generations that in turn became agents of change and give rise to events that shape future generations. Source :

The Sociological Problem of Generations ( From Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge, Karl Mannheim. Copyright © 1998. Reproduced by permission of Taylor & Francis Books UK.

Karl Mannheim (March 27, 1893 – January 9, 1947), or Károly Mannheim in the original writing of his name, was a Hungarian-born sociologist, influential in the first half of the 20th century and one of the founding fathers of classical sociology as well as a founder of the sociology of knowledge. Source :
Source :

Questions :

  • What does it need to become a Generation ?
  • How do generations arise/come into being ?

The Generations :

  • « Silent Period » born during the Great Depression (1925-1945)
  • « Babyboomers » born 1945 – middle 1960s. Today – they rule the world
  • « Generation X » born 1965-1981. Douglas Coupland (1991) book that defined a generation

Douglas Coupland
Source :

Douglas Coupland (pronounced kohp-lənd) (born December 30, 1961) is a Canadian novelist. His fiction is complemented by recognized works in design and visual art arising from his early formal training. His first novel, the 1991 international bestseller Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, popularized terms such as McJob and Generation X. He has published thirteen novels, two collections of short stories, seven non-fiction books, and a number of dramatic works and screenplays for film and television. A specific feature of Coupland’s novels is their synthesis of postmodern religion, Web 2.0 technology, human sexuality, and pop culture. Source :

  • « Generation Y » : The « WhY Generation » or the Millennials Generation born 1980 to late 1990’s

A Jordi’s reference : Howe, N., & Strauss, W. (2000). Millennials rising: The next great generation. New York: Vintage Books.

  • « Generation Z » born early 2000s …

Generating a generation – theory

  1. every generation is more related to the pre-previous generation
  2. every second generation is a generation of winners


Here a small video by Michael Holzmayer about the generation Y:


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